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Metamaterials

Arrays of metallic nanoparticles are used to enhance the nonlinear and chiral properties of the material. This leads to second harmonic light emission or dichroism.

Next topic: Numerical Methods

Related publications by the TET group


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Simulation of Second Harmonic Generation from Photonic Nanostructures Using the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain Method

Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, in: Recent Trends in Computational Photonics, Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 261-284

We apply the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain (DGTD) method for numerical simulations of the second harmonic generation from various metallic nanostructures. A Maxwell–Vlasov hydrodynamic model is used to describe the nonlinear effects in the motion of the excited free electrons in a metal. The results are compared with the corresponding experimental measurements for split-ring resonators and plasmonic gap antennas.


    Simulations of high harmonic generation from plasmonic nanoparticles in the terahertz region

    Y. Grynko, T. Zentgraf, T. Meier, J. Förstner, Applied Physics B (2016), 122(9)


    The role of electromagnetic interactions in second harmonic generation from plasmonic metamaterials

    J. Alberti, H. Linnenbank, S. Linden, Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, Applied Physics B (2016), 122(2), pp. 45-50

    We report on second harmonic generation spectroscopy on a series of rectangular arrays of split-ring resonators. Within the sample series, the lattice constants are varied, but the area of the unit cell is kept fixed. The SHG signal intensity of the different arrays upon resonant excitation of the fundamental plasmonic mode strongly depends on the respective arrangement of the split-ring resonators. This finding can be explained by variations of the electromagnetic interactions between the split-ring resonators in the different arrays. The experimental results are in agreement with numerical calculations based on the discontinuous Galerkin time-domain method. (PDF) The role of electromagnetic interactions.... Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297612326_The_role_of_electromagnetic_interactions_in_second_harmonic_generation_from_plasmonic_metamaterials [accessed Aug 13 2018].


      Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays

      F.B. Niesler, S. Linden, J. Förstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, M. Wegener, in: Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA, 2013

      We perform experiments on resonant second-harmonic generation from planar gold split-ring-resonator arrays under normal incidence of light as a function of the lattice constant. Optimum nonlinear conversion occurs at intermediate lattice constants.


        Optimal second-harmonic generation in split-ring resonator arrays

        Y. Grynko, T. Meier, S. Linden, F.B.P. Niesler, M. Wegener, J. Förstner, in: Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XVII, SPIE, 2013

        Previous experimental measurements and numerical simulations give evidence of strong electric and magnetic field interaction between split-ring resonators in dense arrays. One can expect that such interactions have an influence on the second harmonic generation. We apply the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain method and the hydrodynamic Maxwell-Vlasov model to simulate the linear and nonlinear optical response from SRR arrays. The simulations show that dense placement of the constituent building blocks appears not always optimal and collective effects can lead to a significant suppression of the near fields at the fundamental frequency and, consequently, to the decrease of the SHG intensity. We demonstrate also the great role of the symmetry degree of the array layout which results in the variation of the SHG efficiency in range of two orders of magnitude.


          Near-field coupling and second-harmonic generation in split-ring resonator arrays

          Y. Grynko, T. Meier, S. Linden, F.B.P. Niesler, M. Wegener, J. Förstner, AIP Conference Proceedings 1475, 2012, pp. 128-130

          We simulate the linear and nonlinear optical response from split-ring resonator (SRR) arrays to study collective effects between the constituent SRRs that determine spectral properties of the second harmonic generation (SHG). We apply the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain (DGTD) method and the hydrodynamic Maxwell-Vlasov model to calculate the SHG emission. Our model is able to qualitatively reproduce and explain the non-monotonic dependence of the spectral SHG transmission measured experimentally for SRR arrays with different lattice constants


            Collective Effects in Second-Harmonic Generation from Split-Ring-Resonator Arrays

            S. Linden, F.B.P. Niesler, J. Förstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, M. Wegener, Physical Review Letters (2012), 109(1), pp. 015502

            Optical experiments on second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator square arrays show a nonmonotonic dependence of the conversion efficiency on the lattice constant. This finding is interpreted in terms of a competition between dilution effects and linewidth or near-field changes due to interactions among the individual elements in the array.


            Application of the discontinous Galerkin time domain method to the optics of metallic nanostructures

            Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, T. Meier, AAPP | Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti (2011), 89(1)

            A simulation environment for metallic nanostructures based on the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain method is presented. The model is used to compute the linear and nonlinear optical response of split ring resonators and to study physical mechanisms that contribute to second harmonic generation.


            Application of the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain Method to the Optics of Bi-Chiral Plasmonic Crystals

            Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, T. Meier, A. Radke, T. Gissibl, P.V. Braun, H. Giessen, D.N. Chigrin, AIP, 2011, pp. 76-78

            A simulation environment for metallic nanostructures based on the Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain method is presented. It is used to model optical transmission by silver bi‐chiral plasmonic crystals. The results of simulations qualitatively and quantitavely agree with experimental measurements of transmitted circular polarization.


              Optical experiments on second-harmonic generation from metamaterials consisting of split-ring resonators

              M.W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Förstner, J.V. Moloney, W. Hoyer, T. Stroucken, T. Meier, S.W. Koch, S. Linden, in: 2006 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2006 Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, IEEE, 2006

              We discuss second-harmonic generation experiments on planar arrays of magnetic split-ring resonators, using 150 fs pulses at 1.5 mum wavelength. Lithographic tuning reveals by far the largest signals when exciting the magnetic-dipole resonance.


                Optical Experiments on Second-Harmonic Generation with Metamaterials Composed of Split-Ring Resonators

                M.W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Förstner, J.V. Moloney, W. Hoyer, T. Stroucken, T. Meier, S.W. Koch, S. Linden, in: Photonic Metamaterials: From Random to Periodic, OSA, 2006

                We study optical second-harmonic generation from planar arrays of magnetic split-ring resonators at 1.5 microns resonance wavelength. We obtain by far the largest signals when exciting the magnetic-dipole resonance.


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